Smoking is one the deadliest habit of the mankind. After the inception of tobacco use, its consumption has been increased radically and now the globe has approximately 1 billion of smokers! Even after government restrictions, the tobacco companies have enjoyed year to year growth, which corresponds to that the consumption as well as tobacco users have been increased.
Having so many hazardous effects on the health, the habituated smokers cannot restrict themselves from smoking. Brand forum reveals that even with a negative brand image, its sales as well as the consumption are increasing dramatically. In this article we will try to cover the dangerous health effects of smoking and the health benefits of quitting. Undeniable facts about smoking: 1. One in every five Americans dies annually due to smoking. 2. A single puff of smoke bears 48,000 of different chemicals. Among 69 of those can cause cancer to human being. 3. In the United States every day 4,000 adolescents start smoking. 4. In the United States, average smokers spend at least USD 1,500 per year and in cumulative the value would stand over USD 333 billion. 5. Passive smoking causes annually 50,000 deaths in the United States. 6. Approximately 15 billion of Cigarettes are used in every day in the world. 7. More than 30% of cancer can be prevented by just quitting smoking. 8. Recent clinical studies reveal that tobacco addiction is more dangerous than marijuana addition.
Health hazards of Smoking Smokers may experience following health hazards due to smoking: Cardiovascular Diseases: Different types of cardiovascular diseases are caused by the long term use of tobacco smoke. Tobacco contains nicotine. It hampers the blood vessels by depositing fatty elements within the blood vessel resulting in narrowing the vessel. Ultimately this causes cardiac arrest. Another commonly observed cardiovascular disease is stork. Due to poor blood circulation in the blood vessel carrying blood to the brain results in stroke. Stoke can causes permanent paralysis of the body and most of the time it is irreversible. Respiratory disease: Smokers suffer from various types of respiratory diseases among which Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), prolonged coughing, lower and upper respiratory tract infections, etc. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is most severe in nature. In this condition, patients cannot receive sufficient oxygen to the body during inhalation. Again, this condition is irreversible and requires long term use of medicine for survival. Liver diseases: Smokers experiences liver diseases. Most of the smoker has poor appetite and cannot take proper diet. Different chemicals are released in the body by smoking. It appears difficult for the liver to metabolite these chemical substances resulting in permanent liver damage. Consequently, smokers suffer from constipation and also their taste and smell sense reduces. Cancer: Smoking causes cancer. Most commonly seen cancers in smokers are Lung Cancer, Blood Cancer, Kidney Cancer, Liver Cancer and Stomach Cancer.
Health hazard of passive smoking:Not only smoking is bad for health but also the tobacco smokes are harmful for the surrounding people. Even a non smoker may suffer from various health complications due to passive smoking. Passive smoking is particularly most harmful for following pollution: Pregnant women: Pregnant women may experience various health complications due to passive smoking. Tobacco smokes release different harmful chemicals which causes damage to the mother and the fetus. Congenital anomaly which is commonly known as birth defect may happen due to passive smoking. Children: Children are vulnerable to tobacco smokes. It causes various respiratory diseases to the children. Geriatrics: Geriatric population may also experience respiratory and cardiovascular complications due to passive smoking. Benefits of quitting smoking: Below are the health benefits of quitting smoking: 1. Immediately after 20 minutes of quitting smoking, blood pressure, pulse rate and body temperature becomes normal. 2. After eight hours from the quitting time the nicotine level in the body drops to 6.2%. 3. After 12 hours from the quitting the boxy oxygen level resumes to normal and also the carbon dioxide level reduces to normal level. At that time, body will get more oxygen and the individual will feel better and stronger. 4. After 24 hours of quitting, smokers may face anxieties. Nicotine receptors in the body want to have nicotine and make the smoker anxious. If this stage can be crossed, then quitting appears practical. 5. Tobacco smokes destroy nerve endings as a result you cannot have the smell of food. After 48 hours of your quitting, your nerves endings begin to join and you will sense the smell of food. 6. 78 hours of quitting, nicotine levels fall to zero. But at this time smokers become most irritated and anxiety episodes may rise frequently. 7. After 2 weeks to 3 months of quitting smoking, risks associated with cardiac attack of a smoker reduce and the lung begins to perform normally. At this time ex-smokers will experience good lung function and smokers cough diminish. 8. After 1 year of quitting smoking, cardio vascular health risk reduces further like non-smoking population. 8. After 5 years of quitting smoking, stroke risk reduces like non-smoking population.
Redwan Shakir is a registered pharmacist with extensive experience market research, technology transfer, dossier preparation, development of generic molecules and scientific journal publications